4: To transform or not to transform?

That doesn’t mean that all curvy lines become straight lines if you log-transform the data.
The straightening effect only occurs if the original graph involves exponential growth
that is, growth with the constant multiplier. Or exponential “de-growth” (decay).

Nevertheless, many kinds of graphs become “un-squashed” when you log transform
the data.
Transforming the data can be especially useful when there are big differences in
the magnitudes of the numbers you’re working with. If most of your numbers are fairly small,
but there are a few very large numbers, it can really help to log-transform the data.

Remember, logs are all about orders of magnitude. So, if your data differs by a couple of orders
of magnitude or more, then you might want to think about log-transforming it.