Scientists like to say that the** independent variable goes on the x-axis (the bottom, horizontal one) and the dependent variable goes on the y-axis (the left side, vertical one).**

When you’re talking about variables, independent means that the researcher (you or someone elsein a white coat) can pick any value you want for that variable. Using the TV viewing distance data, you can imagine the researcher putting little pieces of tape on the floor and positioning her small experimental subjects at just the right distance … whereas I can’t think of any way the researcher can **directly** control how much eyesight each child has lost.

In this example:

• The *x* variable is how far the child sits from the TV

• The *y* variable is how much eyesight she loses

OK, now you try: for each pair, which is “*x*” and which is “*y*“?

### Choose your *x* and *y* carefully…

To make this interactive, turn on javascript!

Type “*x*” for the data that should go on the *x* axis, “*y*” for the *y*-axis data, and “n” if the data should NOT be used in a graph.

number of surviving fish in tank

water temperature in tank

Answers: *y*, *x*

### Choose your *x* and *y* carefully…

To make this interactive, turn on javascript!

Type “*x*” and “*y*” again…

grams of food fed per day

daily growth rate of mouse

Answers: x, y

OK, those two were easy. In both cases, the x variables (temperature of tank or amount of food given) are easily controlled by the experimenter. Sometimes the “*x*” variable can’t

actually be controlled but only “chosen” by researcher — this is especially the case when some version of “time” is the *x* variable.

However, be careful. Just because a variable includes time does not mean that it is automatically the x variable. Sometimes the amount of time a process takes depends on a treatment, and then it’s the “*y*” variable.

### Choose your *x* and *y* carefully…

To make this interactive, turn on javascript!

Type “*x*” and “*y*” again…

year

deer population size

Answers: x, y

### Choose your *x* and *y* carefully…

To make this interactive, turn on javascript!

Type “*x*” and “*y*” again…

time until total pain relief

dosage of Dilaudid (an opiate painkiller)

Answers: y, x

Did you get the Dilaudid example? In this case, the researcher is trying to find out how long it takes

to get pain relief; this depends on how much medication is given. The researcher can directly control (or

choose) dosage, but not the time.

Finally, data tables often contain many columns, so it’s important to figure out which ones belong on a graph.

Below, type “n” for data that will NOT be represented by either “*x*” or “*y*“.

**What’s x, what’s y, and what should NOT be used in a graph?**

### Choose your *x* and *y* carefully…

To make this interactive, turn on javascript!

Type “*x*” and “*y*” again… and “n” for data that should NOT be used in a graph.

embryo identification number

weight of embryo

time since conception

Answers: n, y, x

### Choose your *x* and *y* carefully…

To make this interactive, turn on javascript!

Type “*x*” and “*y*” again… and “n” for data that should NOT be used in a graph.

number of hours studied for the test

student id number

date of test

percent correct on test

Answers: x, n, n, y