If you have clicked the button a few times, you’ve seen that the results vary quite a bit.
Here are the first ten results that I got:
What have we accomplished so far? First, we made a hypothesis about what causes sickdays — namely,
they happen on randomly chosen days. The competing hypothesis, held by the pointy-haired boss,
is that sickdays occur disproportionately on Mondays and Fridays.
|First step: pick a hypothesis|
Secondly, we calculated how many sickdays "should" fall on Mondays or Fridays according to
our hypothesis — that is, 40%, or 40 out of 100. This is the expected value of
sickdays. But since we’re dealing with a random process, we also expect some scatter around that
expected value. The key question is, how much scatter?
|Second step: calculate the expected result|
Next we used a simulation of randomly chosen weekdays to investigate how much scatter to
expect around the 40 out of 100 prediction.
|Third step: simulate the scatter|
In the 10 trials, listed above, how common was it to get 42 or more Monday/Friday sickdays?
Time for a donut break!